Wednesday, April 03, 2019

Dunfermline

Dunfermline

Dunfermline is a town in Fife, about 3 miles from the northern shore of the Firth of Forth. Dunfermline is a picturesque town and the remains of Dunfermline Abbey and the impressive Pittencrieff Park make it an interesting place to visit.

Dunfermline dates back to the Neolithic period and has been mentioned in historic records since the 11th century when King Malcolm III married Saint Margaret in Dunfermline. Margaret established a new church in the town dedicated to the Holy Trinity, which in 1128, under their son David I evolved into an abbey. The abbey churchyard became the burial places for Scottish Kings. Robert the Bruce was the last King to be buried in the churchyard in 1329.

Dunfermline Abbey
In the 11th century King Malcolm III married Saint Margaret in Dunfermline. It was on this site that in 1070 Margaret founded a priory introducing a small community of Benedictine Monks. In 1128 their son David I made the priory an abbey and built a grand new church. In 1303 the abbey was badly damaged by Edward I , but Robert the Bruce (Robert I) had it rebuilt and new buildings added. When he died in 1329 be was buried in the abbey. In 1560 the abbey was "sacked" and eventually a new parish church was built on the site of the old choir. After the reformation Anna of Denmark, the wife of James VI had a new palace created from some of the abbey guest buildings and Dunfermline Palace became their personal residence. King Charles I was born in the palace in 1600 but after James and his family moved to London in 1603 the palace fell into disrepair.

Dunfermline Abbey


Dunfermline Abbey and Palace

Pittencrieff Park
Pittencrieff Park is a large park in the centre of Dunfermline. In 1902 by Andrew Carnegie purchased both Pittencrieff  House and Estate which were given to the people of Dunfermline the following year. The estate was developed into an elegant restful park enjoyed by both visitors and residents.








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