Tuesday, July 02, 2019

Whitby


The small seaside town/fishing port of Whitby in North Yorkshire sits at the mouth of the River Esk about 5 mile north of Robin Hoods Bay. During the 1800's Whitby became popular as a tourist destination, attracting visitors by railway visiting the surrounding moors and coast. At the top of the East Cliff lies the ruins of Whitby Abbey, although dissolved in the mid 16th century the ruins of this once important abbey have been used by sailors as a landmark at the headland. 




The original name for Whity was Streanaeshealh and it was here that in  656 Osway, the Christian King of Northumbria founded a monastery. Although this was destroyed by Viking riaiders another monastery was founded in 1078. At around this time the town became known as Whitby. Whitby flourished as a fishing settlement until the 18th century when t developed as a port and centre for ship building and whaling. In 1540 the town had a population of about 200. In Georgian times the town developed as a spa town attracting visitors to the newly built hotels and "lodging-houses". 





Whitby Abbey
the first monastery in Whitby was founded by King Osway of Northumbria in AD657, a monastery for men and women. Between 867 and 870 the monastery was destroyed by Viking Raiders and the site remained desolate for more that 200 years. In 1078 William de Percy donated the land to found a Benedictine monastery dedicated to St Peter and St Hilda. In 1540 the abbey was destroyed and allowed to fall into ruin. 




Whitby is a fascinating place to visit with a wealth of maritime history. The port, sandy beaches, ruined abbey and surrounding countryside makes it a wonderful place to visit. 




https://www.visitwhitby.com

https://www.discoveryorkshirecoast.com/whitby/

https://www.yorkshire.com/places/yorkshire-coast/whitby

No comments:

Post a Comment